Beginning of Cro-Magnon culture. Marks are made in reindeer bones to possibly record lunar cycles.
Egypt and Mesopotamia
Earliest recorded date in history. (in ancient Egypt). Egyptian calendar which is regulated by Sun and Moon has 360 days with 12 months of 30 days.
Astrology begins in Mesopotamia. Sumerians build ziggurats, the first astrological observatories. The Sun, Moon and 5 visible planets are used. Astrological knowledge is recorded in cuneiform on clay tablets.
First day of Jewish calendar (according to Jewish sources).
Systematic astronomical observations in Mesopotamia, Egypt and China. Sumerian numerical system is based on 6 and 12.
Egypt refines calendar to 365 days.
The Great Pyramid of Khufu is built in accordance with astronomical factors.
Akkadians record solar & lunar eclipses according to tablets of Sargon of Akkad. Sargon summarizes astrological records of his era into 70 tablets. His heirs add their findings to this data base and call it the Namman-Bel.
Sumeria is replaced by Babylonia. Babylonian astrologers introduce zodiac signs and devise more accurate astronomical calculations.
Rameses II fixes 4 cardinal points using Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn.
Babylonian Boundary stones contain much astrological imagery
Babylonian priests create ecliptic divided into 12 30-degree sections or zodiac divisions (Mul.APIN).
King Assurbanipal of Assyria expands astrological library in Ninevah.
Babylonian astrology spreads to Egypt Greece and other parts of Middle East.
Pythagoras sets up esoteric colony near Crotona in southern Italy where scholars learn about numerology, astrology and the occult arts, which Pythagoras learned during his 20 years of travels in Babylon and Egypt.
Empedocles of Agrigentum introduces the 4 elements, Fire, Earth, Air and Water, into astrology, as the 4-fold root of all things. He discovered the idea that nothing can be destroyed (or created) only transformed.
Democritus popularizes astrology for all. Xeno founder of the Stoics, gives zodiac signs Greek names.
Date of oldest Babylonian horoscope.
Babylonians begin to use 19 year cycle.
Eudoxus of Cnidus devises calendars using zodiac with 12 equal zodiac signs. Invents geometrical theory of proportion.
Petosiris, chief administrator of the Temple of Khumunu (Hermes) near Hermopolis becomes known for mastering egyptian esoteric astrology.
Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) helps to spread astrology from Babylon and Egypt throughout the Middle East.
Greek Philosophers exposed to new occult ideas from Egypt and Babylon. Astrology is personalized in Greece.
Alexander founds Library of Alexandria.
Greek model of Astrology reaches India.
Alexandria in Egypt becomes center of astrological research. Eratosthenes, Arristyllus and Timocharis are its leading astrologers.
Berosus, a Chaldean astrologer and priest of Bel Marduk at Babylon moves to Greek island of Cos where he sets up a school of astrology for Greek astrologers. Berosus writes The Babylonica, an enormous work about the history of astrology and life in Babylonia. He writes The Eye of Bel, based on the 70 tablets in the library of Assurbanipal, and uses it as text to teach Greek astrologers.
The famous poem Phainomena written by Aratus in 275 BC further popularizes astrology and becomes common reading material for generations of Greeks.
Antipatrus and Achinapolus continue the work of Berosus at Cos and teach medical astrology. They are the first astrologers to experiment with the moment of conception rather than birth for the casting of a horoscope.
First known picture of zodiac in Egypt is created north of Esna.
Opdateret 27/12/2017 - ret til ændringer forbeholdes